The principal goal of the ASDP goal is to contribute to the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty/MKUKUTA (2005) whose operational outcomes related to the agricultural sector place greater emphasis on agricultural productivity and profitability, employment in rural areas, and food security. The Programme is also designed to contribute to the achievement of Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) , Vision 2025, Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (2001) and Rural Development Strategy (2002). Implement
One of the key principles of the ASDP is on increasing control of resources by beneficiaries whereby, the importance of increasing the voice of farmers in local planning processes and in increasing their control in the design and implementation of investments and over the kinds of services that they need is greatly stressed by the Programme. The Programme therefore, aims to empower farmers through placing greater control of resource allocations in the hands of groups and communities to improve the relevance and responsiveness of services. According to the Government Programme Document (May 2006), the ASDP fundamental objectives include the following:-
(i) To enable farmers to have better access to and use of agricultural knowledge, technologies, marketing systems and infrastructure, all of which contribute to high productivity, profitability and farm incomes.
(ii) To promote private investment based on an improved regulatory and policy environment
Programme strategic Interventions
Over the seven year period (2006/2007-2012/2013), the Programme envisages to achieve its objectives through a set of complementary interventions that aim at:-
(i) Improving the capacity of farmers, including food insecure and vulnerable groups, to more clearly articulate demand for agricultural services and to build partnerships with service providers;
(ii) Reforming and improving capacity of both public and private agricultural services providers to respond to demand and provide appropriate advice, services and technologies;
(iii) Improving the quality and quantity of public investment in physical infrastructure through more devolved, technically-sound planning and appraisal;
(iv) Improving market institutions including strengthening the policy framework and coordination capacity at national level. in a seven year period ( According to the Government Programme Document (May, 2006).
The Programme is implemented in a Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) at two levels i.e Local Level Support which is implemented through District Agricultural Development Plans (DADPs) as parts of the respective Districts’ Development Programmes; and National Level Support which is implemented in the framework of the Agriculture Sector Lead Ministries’ (ASLMs) Medium Term Strategic Plans. As far as allocation of ASDP resources is concerned, 75% of the resources are dedicated for the sector at District levels, 20% for the sector at the Sector Lead Ministries level and 5% is for crosscutting issues.
The potential of smallholder tea farming in enhancing the achievement of the ASDP objectives
For the reasons listed below, tea is among the major cash crops that deserve top priorities in our national development programmes especially during this period as the nation focuses on the implementation of ADDP and Kilimo Kwanza agricultural transformation initiatives.
(i) Tea generates foreign exchange earnings to the country(It id 5th in the row after tobacco, cotton, coffee and cashewnuts);
(ii) Tea cultivation provides sustainable income earnings to over 30,000 households engaged in tea farming
(iii) Tea contributes to revenue generation to District Councils through direct payment of the crop cess by processors
(iv) Tea is an important beverage for both health and nutritional requirements
(v) Tea cultivation is environmental friendly as tea bushes protect the land against soil erosion and beautifies the land (it is a landscaping crop).
The linkage of TSHTDA operations to ASDP Objectives
The Legal mandate of TSHTDA as provided in the Tea Industry Act of 1997 embraces the following functions:-
(i) To enhance capacity building for smallholder tea growers;
(ii) To facilitate tea extension services to smallholder tea growers;
(iii) To strengthen the existing ground level tea grower groups;
(iv) To facilitate development of tea cultivation in new areas; and
(v) To mobilize smallholder growers in the construction of green leaf processing facilities.
These mandates are geared to contributing to the achievement of one of the fundamental objectives of ASDP i.e enabling farmers to have better access to and use of agricultural knowledge, technologies, marketing systems and infrastructure, all of which contribute to high productivity, profitability and farm incomes.
As a dedicated institution to ASDP, TSHTDA provides tea growers with various services that are geared to transforming and empowering smallholder tea growers to be modern, commercial, competitive, profitable and self-sustaining entities. This includes among other things, facilitating smallholder tea growers own, establish and manage tea processing facilities.
TSHTDA Strategic interventions for achieving ASDP objectives
The Agency is embarking on various strategic interventions that are synergic to the ASDP implementation, including the following:-.
(i) Establishing and strengthening the smallholder tea growers networking (groups and associations) with the view to empowering them to easily access financial resources and other production services;
(ii) Supporting farmer group nursery operations for raising improved planting materials (27 million VP Plants) and field planting of the raised vp plants;
(iii) Supporting and coordinating the provision of tea extension services through five Area Agricultural Offices and Local Government Authorities in all tea growing districts;
(iv) Developing and promoting tea cultivation in new areas (Tarime, Kilolo & Ludewa);
(v) Persuading district councils (LGAs) to articulate the smallholder tea development initiatives into District Development Plans (DDP) during the preparation of the District Agricultural Development Plans (DADP);
(vi) Encouraging the smallholder/investor partnership investment in green leaf processing as an important part in tea production process and supporting the organized tea growers to establish and operate their own tea processing factories.
Besides committing over 70% of its budget to the crop development initiatives at grassroots, TSHTDA works in collaboration with the National and District ASDP Facilitation teams in appraising the planning and implementation of community and group smallholder tea development projects in line with the MAFC regularly revised DADPs planning and implementation guidelines. Basing on the new DADP planning and implementation guidelines and agreements reached during such consultative meetings, we anticipate that smallholders’ tea development activities being funded through DADP budgets will increase substantially.
Consistent to ASDP resources allocation pattern, TSHTDA committed 71% of its 2009/2010 total budget (OC and vp plants subsidy, Tshs 1260,000,000.00) to various smallholder tea development initiatives as shown in Table 1.